History Political History of Nigeria and Election Timeline from 1914-2011

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NIGERIA’S POLITICAL TIMELINE: 1914 – 2011

 

 

 

1914

Nigeria is created by amalgamating the Northern and Southern protectorates.

1923

Herbert Macaulay establishes the Nigerian National Democratic Party, the first Nigerian Political party.

1960

Nigeria gains Independence from Great Britain under a Constitution that provides for a Parliamentary system of Government.

1963

Nigeria becomes a Republic

1966

First Political coup is carried out by Major Chukwuemeka Kaduna Nzeogwu. The Federal Military Government that assumes power is led by General Aguiyi-Ironsi. Another coup is carried out in the same year; it establishes the leadership of Major General Yakubu Gowon.

1967

Lt. Colonel Emeka Ojukwu, the Military Governor of the Eastern region of Nigeria, declares the independence of the Eastern Region in a bid to secede, and renames the Eastern Region as the ‘Republic of Biafra’, thus leading to a Civil War.

1970

The Civil War ends in defeat for the Republic of Biafra.

1975

General Murtala Muhammed and a group of fellow officers stage a bloodless coup and overthrow Gen. Yakubu Gowon's military government.

1976

General Murtala Muhammed is assassinated in an abortive coup, and his Chief of Staff, Lt. General Olusegun Obasanjo becomes Head of State.

1979

Five political parties compete in a series of elections in which Alhaji Shehu Shagari of the National Party of Nigeria (NPN) is elected President.

1983

President Shagari and the NPN retain power in an election victory. However, on December 31, 1983 the military overthrows the government and Major General Muhammadu Buhari emerges as the leader of the Supreme Military Council (SMC), the country's new ruling body.

1985

The Buhari government is peacefully overthrown by the SMC's third-ranking member, Army Chief of Staff Major General Ibrahim Babangida.

1993

On June12 1993, General Babangida annuls the results of the Presidential election contested between Chief MKO Abiola and Bashir Tofa, and installs an Interim National Government (ING) led by Chief Ernest Shonekan.

1993

General Sani Abacha overthrows the ING, and takes the reins of power.

1998

General Abacha dies of heart failure while in power, and is replaced by General Abdulsalami Abubakar.

1999

Elections are held, and General Abdulsalami Abubakar hands over to the elected President Olusegun Obasanjo and Vice President Atiku Abubakar.

2003

President Obasanjo and Atiku Abubakar are re-elected for a further 4 year term.

2007

President Yar’Adua and Vice President Goodluck Jonathan elected to lead Nigeria, marking the first ever successful civilian to civilian administration hand over in Nigerian political history.

2010

President Yar’Adua dies while in power due to ill-health, Goodluck Jonathan, his erstwhile Vice President, is sworn in as President.

2011

 

General Elections